Quaid-E-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25 December 1876 to 11 September 1948) was a great leader, lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. There are many few Personalities in this world that helps their nation to achieve their goals. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is one of the great personality of the Pakistan and The Muslims of the Subcontinents who change the life of the Muslims in Subcontinents and Make a Separate homeland for them. He is also known as the Baba-e-Qaum (The Fathe of the Nation). He served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan’s independence on 14 August 1947, and as Pakistan’s first Governor-General from independence until his death.
On the other end Motilal Nehru (6 May 1861 to 6 February 1931) was an Indian lawyer, an activist of the Indian National Movement and an important leader of the Indian National Congress, who also served as the Congress President twice, in 1919 to 1920 and 1928 to 1929. He was the founder father of India’s most powerful political family, the Nehru-Gandhi family.
After the failure of Simon Commission, there was no alternative for the British government but to ask the local people to frame a constitution for themselves. They knew that the Congress and Muslim League were the two main parties and that they both had serious difference of opinions. Therefore, they asked them to draw a draft of the upcoming Act on which both Hindus and Muslims could agree. for this purpose, All Parties Conference was held at Delhi in January 1928. More than a hundred parties of the Sub-continent assembled and participated in the conference. Unfortunately, the leaders were not able to come to any conclusion. The second meeting of the All Parties Conference was held in March the same year, but the result was same. When the All Parties Conference met for the third time in Bombay on May 19 1928, there was hardly any prospect of an agreed constitution. It was then decided that a small committee should be appointed to work out the details of the constitution. Motilal Nehru headed this committee. There were nine other members in this committee including two Muslims, Syed Ali Imam and Shoaib Qureshi. The committee worked for three months at Allahabad and its memorandum was called the “Nehru Report”. The recommendations of the Nehru Report went against the interests of the Muslim community. It was an attempt to serve Hindus over Muslims.
Fourteen Points of Jinnah:
A positive aspect of Nehru Report was that it resulted in the unity of divided Muslims groups. A positive aspect of Nehru Report was that it resulted in the unity of divided Muslim groups. In a meeting of the council of All India Muslim League on March 28, 1929, members of both the Shafi League and Jinnah League participated. Quaid-e-Azam termed the Nehru Report as a Hindu document, but considered simply rejecting the report as insufficient. He decided to give an alternative Muslim agenda. It was in this meeting that Quaid-e-Azam presented his famous Fourteen Points. The council of the All India Muslim League accepted fourteen points of the Quaid. A resolution was passed according to which no scheme for the future constitution of the Government of India would be acceptable to the Muslims unless and until it included the demands of the Quaid presented in the fourteen points.
- The Nehru Committee’s greatest blow was the rejection of separate electorates but Quaid-e-Azam was in the favor of separate Muslims electorate.
- In 14 points of Muhammad Ali Jinnah weightage for Minorities was demanded but Nehru in his report did not compromise with our Quaid.
- Nehru report demand Strong Central Government. On the other end Quaid-e-Azam was believe on the Provincial Autonomy.
- Jinnah was in the favor of Inclusions of Muslims in the cabinet but Nehru was against the inclusion of Muslims in the cabinet.
- Quaid-e-Azam demanded 1/3rd Representation in central government for Muslims but Nehru comment 1/4th representation for Muslim in central government in his report.
- It is true that demand of separation of Sindh from Bombay was considered in the Nehru Report as Jinnah mention in his 14 points but the condition of self-economy was also put forward.
The Nehru Report was nothing else than a Congress document and thus totally opposed by Muslims of the Sub-continent. The Hindus under Congress threatened the government with a disobedience movement if the Nehru report was not implemented into the Act by December 31, 1929. This Hindu attitude proved to be a milestone in the freedom movement of the Muslims. It also proved to be a turning point in the life of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. After reading the Nehru Report, Jinnah announced a ‘parting of the ways’. The Nehru Report reflected the inner prejudice and narrow-minded approach of the Hindus.